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初中英语语法:初中英语语法八大类状语从句

2019-04-18 11:58

来源:互联网

作者:

  一、定义

  状语从句在复合句中由从句表示的状语称作状语从句,它可以用来修饰谓语(包括非谓语动词)、定语或状语,或是整个句子。

  二、状语从句一般分为八大类

  时间状语从句 地点状语从句

  原因状语从句 目的状语从句

  结果状语从句 条件状语从句

  方式状语从句 让步状语从句

  1. 时间状语从句

  When ---当……时候, 通常指某一特定的时间点,主句与从句的动作同时发生。

  When I opened the window, I saw him come up.

  When --- 正在……的时候,突然…。通常主句是进行时或 be about to 时,在翻译的时候,when 可以译成没想到或突然。

  I was walking along the street , when I met him.

  When 当从句是进行时,主句是一般时,往往表示不满。

  Someone knocked at the door when I was having breakfast.

  When=after

  When the children had gone to bed, she began to prepare her lessons.

  While ---在……期间,往往指一段时间。

  While we were inAmerica, we saw him twice.

  While ---表示一种不满情绪,意思是这边在干某种重要的事,而另一边在享受等。

  We are cleaning the classroom while they are playing the football.

  As --- 一边……一边, 随着

  She was doing her homework as she was listening to the music.

  As --- 当……时,指一个动作紧接着一个动作发生,从句通常用进行时。

  As I was going out, it began to rain.

  The moment --- 一……就…… =as soon as , immediately,

  ---Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her?

  ---Yes, I gave her the moment I saw her.

  Not… until --- 直到……才

  He didn’t leave the office until he finished the work.

  Before --- 在……之前

  The passengers should arrive at the airport an hour before the flight departs.

  After --- 在…… 之后

  The customer left the ticket counter after he had a quarrel with the ticket agent.

  Since ---自从……, 通常主句用现在完成时

  I have never been there again since I graduated from the university.

  It is just a week since we arrived here.

  As soon as --- 一……就……

  Jack went to school as soon as he got well.

  No sooner than --- 一……就……

  no sooner… than… 用于句首要求倒装

  Hardly …when…

  Scarcely …when…

  No sooner had he arrived than he went away again.

  Once --- 一但……就……

  Once you see him, you will never forget him.

  Every time, each time 每次whenever 每当

  Each time he came to town, he would visit our school.

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